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Recommended Books on
Ancient and Modern Witchcraft

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an excerpt from

Bonewits's Essential Guide to Witchcraft and Wicca

Copyright © 2005 c.e., Isaac Bonewits

The following books will get you started on understanding Paleopagan, Mesopagan and Neopagan Witchcraft. With the exception of my own work and books reviewed elsewhere on this site, clicking on almost any title will take you to where you can order each book or (with out-of-print titles) ask Amazon to find a used copy for you (something they are good at). This topic is so complex that choosing titles and organizing categories is extremely difficult, so remember that these are my current recommendations, not a list of officially approved texts. In Association with

Magic, Witchcraft, and Religion in Paleopagan Europe

The Destiny of a King, The Plight of a Sorcerer, The Stakes of the Warrior, Archaic Roman Religion, and Mitra-Varuna, and others by Georges Dumezil. All worth reading if you want to know what pre-Christian European Paganism was really like.
Shamanism: Archaic Techniques of Ecstasy, by Mircea Eliade. This is the classic text on the topic, the one that made the term “shaman” well known before Carlos Castenada, Michael Horner, and Lynne Andrews blurred it into uselessness. Why put it here? Because many modern Wiccans incorrectly believe that early witches were shamans. I also highly recommend his three volume A History of Religious Ideas.
The Myth of Matriarchal Prehistory: Why an Invented Past Will Not Give Women a Future, by Cynthia Eller. The Goddess doesn't need us to tell lies for Her. Eller analyses all the bits of the Universal Golden Matriarchal Age mythology and shows where they came from and why we can't believe them. She doesn't seem to be aware, however, that even the die-hards have been backpeddling recently.
Proto-Indo-European Trees, Paul Freidrich. Primarily a linguistic monograph, this is the only book to cover in detail the various species of trees known to have had names in the PIE language. He includes a great deal of religious and symbolic detail without always realizing that he is doing so. The sections on willows, elms and oaks are most relevant for the history of witchcraft. Out of print but well worth hunting for.
The Pagan Religions of the Ancient British Isles, Their Nature and Legacy, by Ronald Hutton. This is a brilliant review of the history, prehistory and pseudo-history of British Paleopaganism.
Shamans: Siberian Spirituality and the Western Imagination, by Ronald Hutton. This will be a good book to read after Eliade's Shamanism.
A History of Pagan Europe, by Prudence Jones and Nigel Pennick. Not as scholarly as Hutton, yet certainly far better than the average work published on this topic. At least they don’t include the common nonsense about universal matriarchies, unbroken lines of survival back to the Stone Age, etc. Their Baltic and Scandinavian materials may be a little shaky.
The New Comparative Mythology, An Anthropological Assessment of the Theories of Georges Dumezil, by C. Scott Littleton. This is the best critical introduction to Dumezil’s work, with an extensive bibliography of relevant books and articles by Dumezil and others. While others (including myself) have enlarged upon his theories, his views of common Indo-European cultural patterns (including religious beliefs, social classes, institutions and practices) were essentially sound and deserve careful study.
The New Book of Goddesses & Heroines and O Mother Sun: A New View of the Cosmic Feminine, by Patricia Monaghan. The first is a new edition of a classic work that is infinitely superior to many with similar titles. The second does an excellent job of showing that Sun Goddesses were just as common as Moon Goddesses to our Paleo-pagan ancestors. For many years, Monaghan was nearly alone as a feminist scholar who really is as committed to scholarship as she is to her feminism.
Celtic Heritage: Ancient Tradition in Ireland and Wales, by Alwyn & Brinley Rees. A classic Dumezilian analysis of Celtic mythology and religion, based primarily on Irish and secondarily on Welsh materials. Gives an excellent overview of basic patterns of belief, showing how they reflected the social structures of the Celts — and vice versa! — and will explain much of the cosmology underlying real Celtic mythology and ritual (see Bonewits's Essential Guide to Druidism for details).
To find out more about what the real “Old Religions” of Europe were like, read my Recommended Books on Druidism and Indo-European Paleopaganism. If you’re wondering why most of this category is focused on Britain, it’s because that’s where modern Neopagan Witchcraft came from as well as where it claimed it’s roots were.

Mesopagan Witchcraft: the Hunts

Witchcraze : A New History of the European Witch Hunts, by Anne L. Barstow. The author goes a little overboard on her gender analysis, but is otherwise informative.
Witches & Neighbors: The Social and Cultural Context of European Witchcraft, by Robin Briggs. This work provides the vital close-up view of how small town hostilities could erupt into witchcraft accusations.
The Inquisition: The Hammer of Heresy, by Edward Burman. An historical overview of seven centuries of activity by the Unholy Office of the Inquisition. The author attempts to steer a middle path between various scholarly controversies. Remarkably, the "gentle" Franciscans get the blame they deserve, rather than just the Dominicans and the Jesuits.
Thinking With Demons: The Idea of Witchcraft in Early Modern Europe, by Stuart Clark. A detailed analysis of how Christian Dualism promoted the ideas that eventually led to the great witch hunts.
Europe’s Inner Demons: The Demonization of Christians in Medieval Christendom, by Norman Cohn (revised edition). A classic work on the psychological and social origins of witch hunts. He covers the history of the ancient urban legend of baby eating, incestous, orgiasts revived by modern Christian Fundamentalists.
The Night Battles: Witchcraft and Agrarian Cults in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries, by Carlo Ginzburg. Yes, there really were people who thought they could fly through the air at night-only these folks did it to fight (what they thought were) witches. Then the Inquisition came along…
Compendium Maleficarum, by Francesco Maria Guazzo. This was the early Seventeenth Century successor to the Malleus Maleficarum, written by a man apparently just as gullible (or just as evil) as Kramer and Sprenger were.
Witch Trials: Their Foundations in Popular and Learned Culture, by Richard Kieckhefer. How what the intelligensia believed and the peasants believed collided, merged, then separated again. He also joined with Elliot Rose in writing an updated edition of the latter's classic (if flawed) A Razor for a Goat: Problems in the History of Witchcraft and Diabolism.
Witchcraft in Europe, 400–1700: A Documentary History, by Alan Charles Kors and Edward Peters [Editors]. When you actually read the documents of the times, you get a very different picture from both what we were taught in school and the current tales some Neopagans tell.
The Malleus Maleficarum, by Heinrich Kramer and James Sprenger, [translated with introduction, bibliography, and notes by Montague Summers]. This is an officially approved (the Papal imprimatur has never been rescinded) 1486 theological tome used by many inquisitors as "justification" for the atrocities committed against women, children, and men for the thought-crime of Diabolic Witchcraft. There are Christians today who still accept their arguments and "evidence" of Satanic wrongdoing (though many would be shocked to know they were agreeing with Roman Catholic theology). Summers was a "Gnostic Catholic" priest and occultist who wrote credulous tomes about werewolves and vampires, and comments approvingly throughout his translation.
The Witchcraft Sourcebook, by Brian Levack (editor). He has edited and written several academic works on witchcraft since 2000.
The Encyclopedia of Witchcraft and Demonology, by Rossell Hope Robbins. Even though he is a total cynic on the subject of magic, his book was long one of the standards on the subject of Diabolic Witchcraft and the Inquisition. He will tell you a great deal more than you really want to know about the torturing methods used against accused Diabolic Witches. His body counts, however, are untrustworthy.
Witch Craze : Terror and Fantasy in Baroque Germany, by Lyndal Roper. This work focuses on a close examination of one geographical region.
The Devil: Perceptions of Evil from Antiquity to Primitive Christianity, Satan: The Early Christian Tradition, Lucifer: The Devil in the Middle Ages, and Mephistopheles: The Devil in the Modern World, all by Jeffrey Burton Russell. The author traces the “history” of the Christian Devil in exhausting detail. If you’re short on time, you might want to read his summating volume, The Prince of Darkness: Radical Evil and the Power of Good in History.
Witchcraft and Magic in 16th and 17th-Century Europe, by Geoffrey Scarre. A good summation of what scholars learned during the 1980s and '90s.

Mesopagan Witchcraft: the Background of the "Revivals"

The Golden Bough, by James Frazer (I prefer the third edition). One of the earliest and most influential works in the field of comparative mythology, at least as far as the English-speaking world was concerned. By the 1930s, most of his theories and interpretations were no longer accepted by social scientists, yet many of his core ideas became and remain a part, not just of Neo-pagan Witchcraft, but also of Western culture as a whole during the early part of the twentieth century.

This is also available as an e-Book for the Microsoft Reader (requires a desktop or laptop computer or Pocket PC).

The White Goddess: A Historical Grammar of Poetic Myth, by Robert Graves. While the history, comparative mythology, and Celtic Studies in this book are worthless, this book was one of the major sources of ideas for what was to become Mesopagan, then Neopagan Witchcraft. Unlike most of his other works, therefore, I can recommend it solely as an historical curiosity.
Aradia: Gospel of the Witches — Expanded Edition, by Charles Leland, translated by Mario (and Mama) Pazzaglini. A fresh translation of one of Gardner's main sources, with commentary by modern writers, some of them scholarly and some of them not. Leland was a respected folklorist when he first published this work describing an underground Pagan cult in the mountains of Italy that had supposedly survived to his day (1899).

The Witchcult in Western Europe, The God of the Witches, and The Divine King of England, all by Margaret Murray. Almost everything she had to say about the supposed survivals of Paleopagan cults into the Middle Ages (when their supposed practitioners were persecuted as witches) has been thoroughly disproven by modern scholarship. Yet these are still important historical books with which modern Witches should become familiar.

The Witchcult in Western Europe and The God of the Witches are also available as e-books from Amazon.

Mesopagan Witchcraft: the "Revivals" Themselves

The Robert Cochrane Letters, by Robert Cochrane (edited by Evan John Jones, with Michael Howard). Cochrane taught many of his students via letters; this book collects many of them.

A Goddess Arrives, and High Magic’s Aid, by Gerald Gardner.The first one is a (bad) novel, in which Gardner first explored ideas of reincarnation and goddess worship. The second is another novel in which he reveals much of his thinking during the years he was first creating Wicca. Both are now available in reprint editions from the Church & School of Wicca or from other online dealers.

Witchcraft Today and The Meaning of Witchcraft, by Gerald Gardner. The (officially) non-fiction books in which he revealed to the world that a secret underground religion of Pagan Witchcraft had survived into the twentieth century, and what it was all about. Available in a special two book package with a CD of Gardner being interviewed and reciting incantations, from Mercury Publishing or other online dealers.

What Witches Do: the Modern Coven Revealed, by Stewart Farrar. One of the first books published about the Alexandrian Tradition of Wicca, which at the time was 95% identical to Gardnerianism.
Good Witch’s Bible, by Gavin and Yvonne Frost. Originally published as “TheWitch’s Bible, it caused an uproar among American Wiccans because, among other crimes, it presented a form of Wicca that differed significantly from Gardner's. The authors claim that their form of Wicca comes from a British occult group that was competing with Gardner.
Wiccan Roots: Gerald Gardner and the Modern Witchcraft Revival, by Philip Heselton. A complementary study to Hutton's Triumph.
The Triumph of the Moon: A History of Modern Pagan Witchcraft, by Ronald Hutton. Tells how Wicca was created in the mid-twentieth century, based on literary, artistic, and academic fashions, the practices of fraternal orders and occult societies, old and new folk customs, and other cultural roots (real and imagined) going back to the 1700s. Hutton leaves no hope for those who wish to believe in a constantly existing Pagan religion in Britain or in a connection between the early modern witch trials and Paganism. No one can claim to be knowledgeable about the true history of modern Witchcraft who has not read and carefully studied this text.
Witchcraft: A Tradition Renewed, by Evan John Jones & Doreen Valiente. All she wrote was the Intro, but this is a good overview of Robert Cochrane's approach to inventing a Pagan Witchcraft.
The Roebuck in the Thicket, by Evan John Jones & Robert Cochrane (ed. by Mike Howard). More on Cochrane's system.
Crafting the Art of Magic, Book I: A History of Modern Witchcraft, 1939-1964, by Aidan Kelly. This is an excellent work of textual criticism of the key Gardnerian materials, showing where every line was borrowed or invented. Unfortunately, a constant stream of essentially pointless cheap shots at Gardner's sexuality mars what should have turn-ed into a classic of religious history.
The Rebirth of Witchcraft, by Doreen Valiente. Her history of how she, Gardner, and a few friends created Wicca. Among other things, this is the book in which she finally took credit for her poetry and prose which many had been blithely calling "traditional" (and then plagiarizing).

Neopagan Witchcraft: the Beginnings

Buckland's Book of Saxon Witchcraft, by Raymond Buckland. Originally published as The Tree, this is a revised and updated edition of the book in which the author invented Seax-Wica, the first tradition of Wicca in which self-initiation was explicitly approved.
The Truth about Witchcraft and Wicca: A Guide for the Solitary Practitioner, by Scott Cunningham. The first book is an excellent brief introduction to general Wicca, suitable for giving to worried friends and family. The second book was the first widely distributed text on Wicca aimed at readers who had no coven or prospects of having one. Very controversial when first published, but now recognized as a classic.
The Witches’ Goddess: The Feminine Principle of Divinity The Witches’ God: Lord of the Dance, and A Witches’ Bible, by Janet and Stuart Farrar. The first two books contain useful details about multiple deities and how their worship can be incorporated into Wiccan circles. The third title is a rebinding of both Eight Sabbats for Witches and The Witches’ Way, so it’s a good introduction to the early orthodox Traditions of Wicca, with lots of fine ritual ideas.
The Spiral Dance: A Rebirth of the Ancient Religion of the Great Goddess, Dreaming the Dark: Magic, Sex, and Politics, and Truth or Dare: Encounters With Power, Authority, and Mystery, by Starhawk. Starhawk was the first writer to discuss the political and social implications of Goddess worship in general and magic in particular. Unfortunately, she backed off from her radicalism as she began to sell to the New Age market.
An ABC of Witchcraft Past and Present, and Witchcraft for Tomorrow, by Doreen Valiente. The first is a dictionary of sorts, used as a primary reference by many Wiccans during the 80s and 90s. The second presents her thoughts near the end of her life about Gerald Gardner, Wicca, and her role in the process of its creation (includes a lovely "Book of Shadows" section with prayers and ritual instructions).

Neopagan Witchcraft: Some Recent Worthy Titles

Deepening Witchcraft: Advancing Skills and Knowledge, by Grey Cat. It's difficult to know what category to put this one in! An experienced Witch, Druid, and all-around troublemaker, Grey Cat provides a workbook/study guide/history for those Wiccan priests and priestesses ready to get serious about professionalism and competency in their Craft. When you don't know where to go to get the skills you need to serve your community, dig out this book, but be prepared--like my own writing, Grey Cat's is guaranteed to have something to offend nearly everybody!
Wiccan Warrior: Walking a Spiritual Path in a Sometimes Hostile World, and Full Contact Magick: A Book of Shadows for the Wiccan Warrior, by Kerr Cuchulain. A Pagan cop talks about what being a “warrior” means to him.
Living Wicca: A Further Guide for the Solitary Practitioner, by Scott Cunningham. A sequel to his bestselling Wicca: A Guide for the Solitary Practitioner, this work takes the individual Wiccan deeper into the Craft.
Book of Shadows: A Modern Woman’s Journey into the Wisdom of Witchcraft and the Magic of the Goddess, by Phyllis Curott. The author is a high-powered corporate lawyer in New York City and a long-time member of the Covenant of the Goddess. Her book tells how she has managed to follow a spiritual path seemingly a few centuries and several thousand miles away from her secular life.
The Way of Four, by Deborah Lipp. Meditations on the four elements and their role in Wiccan philosophy. And don't miss her Way of Four Spellbook -- at last, a spellbook worth buying!
The Goddess Path: Myths, Invocations & Rituals, by Patricia Monaghan. The author of The New Book of Goddesses & Heroines presents a beautiful guide to contacting twenty different goddesses within, from cultures around the world. This is a spiritual workbook with questions and activities to be answered and performed by the reader.
To Ride a Silver Broomstick: New Generation Witchcraft, To Stir a Magick Cauldron: A Witch’s Guide to Casting and Conjuring, and To Light a Sacred Flame: Practical Witchcraft for the Millennium, all by Silver RavenWolf. These books are among the clearest written for beginning and intermediate students of Wicca, although they do tend to be very "fluffy bunny" in their approach.
When, Why ...If, by Robin Wood. The famous Fantasy and Tarot artist provides an in-depth discussion of ethics from a Wiccan perspective. Readers may also enjoy her Theory of Cat Gravity, which explains many mystical matters that have long confused cat owners. Both books are available through her website.

Neopagan Witchcraft: Books for Pagan Parenting

Celebrating the Great Mother: A Handbook of Earth-Honoring Activities for Parents and Children, by Cait Johnson and Maura D. Shaw. Great ideas for sharing your reverence for the Earth with your children.
Pagan Kids’ Activity Book, by Amber K. A coloring book for kids from 4 to 8, showing pictures of Pagan deities and worshippers.
Pagan Parenting: Spiritual, Magical & Emotional Development of the Child, by Kristin Madden. Shows how even the simplest of activities can bring magic to a child’s soul.
The Family Wicca Book: The Craft for Parents & Children, Revised Edition,, by Ashleen O’Gaea. Down to earth advice on sharing the Wiccan religion with your children, parents, and other family members, whether you are an experienced or brand new Wiccan.Also good by her: Raising Witches: Teaching the Pagan Faith to Children.
Teen Witch: Wicca for a New Generation, by Silver RavenWolf. Rather than bemoaning the current flood of teenagers interested in the Craft, the author prefers to empower them! In this bestselling title, she tells teens — and their parents! — what they want and need to know about Wicca.
Circle Round: Raising Children in Goddess Traditions, by Starhawk, Diane Baker, and Anne Hill. Ways to teach children an Earth-centered spirituality, using songs, stories, and simple rites.

Neopagan Witchcraft: Academic & Journalistic Observations

Drawing Down the Moon: Witches, Druids, Goddess-Worshippers, and Other Pagans in America Today, by Margot Adler. In 2006, there will be a 4th edition of the classic book about Neopagan movements in America — a book that galvanized the very community it was describing and changed it forever. Every member of the Neopagan, Wiccan, and/or Goddess Worship movements in the USA should own this book — at least if they want to understand our history over the last fifty years.
A Community of Witches: Contemporary Neo-Paganism and Witchcraft in the United States, by Helen A. Berger. A scholarly discussion of the evolution and growth of Wicca in the United States over the last three decades.
Witchcraft & Paganism in Australia, by Lynne Hume. A scholar from Down Under describes the history of Australian Wicca and the ways in which it has adapted to a very non-European environment.
Magical Religion and Modern Witchcraft, by James R. Lewis [Editor]. An anthology of essays by scholars, some of them within the Neopagan community, others complete outsiders.
Persuasions of the Witch’s Craft: Ritual Magic in Contemporary England, by T. M. Luhrman. An anthropologist's "participant observation" research into the structures, personalities, beliefs, relationships, and concerns in some British covens. Highly educational for anthropologists and other social scientists, especially about the ethical and emotional conflicts inherent in pretend-ing to join a religious community.
Never Again the Burning Times: Paganism Revived, by Loretta Orion. A sociological examination of U.S. Neopagans, built around a survey the author distributed at a number of Pagan festivals. Some interesting and intriguing insights into what makes Neopagans who and what we are.

Neopagan Witchcraft: Holy Days

Eight Sabbats for Witches, by Stewart Farrar. The first book published that attempted to provide not just ritual scripts but a rationale for the eight holiday system Gardner and friends adopted--and it wasn't easy! Also available bound as part of A Witches’ Bible, with The Witches' Way.
Stations of the Sun: A History of the Ritual Year in Britain and The Rise and Fall of Merry England: The Ritual Year 1400-1700, by Ronald Hutton. Like his other titles, these will shock and surprise those of us who thought we knew all about Pagan holidays.
The Pagan Book of Days: A Guide to the Festivals, Traditions, and Sacred Days of the Year, by Nigel Pennick. Discusses mostly European holidays and explains the astronomical and seasonal origins of most of them.

Neopagan Witchcraft: the Rite Stuff

Real Magic: An Introductory Treatise on the Basic Principles of Yellow Magic, by Isaac Bonewits. Though somewhat dated, this is the book that thousands of Wiccan teachers have used to train their students for thirty years. Click here to buy it from
The Healing Craft: Healing Practices for Witches and Pagans, by Janet Farrar, Stuart Farrar, and Gavin Bone. The first Wiccan book I’ve seen specifically focused on the techniques and theories of healing body, mind and spirit.
The Witch's Magical Handbook and Tantric Yoga: The Royal Path to Raising Kundalini Power, by Gavin and Yvonne Frost. The first is a compendium of their unusual and fascinating approach to practical magic. For those who want to try actually doing Witchcraft as Gardner originally intended it to be done, the second book is another of the Frosts' clearheaded guides to an overly mystified topic.
The Elements of Ritual, by Deborah Lipp. In-depth discussion on the relationships between Wiccan ritual theory and practice and the classical concept of the four elements.
The Pagan Book of Living and Dying: Practical Rituals, Prayers, Blessings, and Meditations on Crossing over, by Starhawk, et alia. Tools to help yourself or someone else die well.
Advanced Wicca: Exploring Deeper Levels of Spiritual Skills and Masterful Magick and The Wiccan Book of Ceremonies and Rituals, both by Patricia Telesco. These both go beyond the usual "Ritual 101" books and are well worth adding to any Wiccan library.

Neopagan Witchcraft: Reference Books and Anthologies

The Modern Craft Movement (Witchcraft Today, Book 1),Modern Rites of Passage (Witchcraft Today, Book 2), Shamanism and Witchcraft (Witchcraft Today, Book 3), and Living Between Two Worlds: Challenges of the Modern Witch (Witchcraft Today, Book 4) All edited by Chas Clifton. This series of anthologies is excellent, containing essays by both Pagans and non-Pagans of widely varied scholarship.
Witchcraft, Satanism & Occult Crime: Who’s Who & What’s What, a Manual of Reference Materials for the Professional Investigator, by the Church of All Worlds’ Staff. An inexpensive yet invaluable tool for those concerned about “occult crime” and whether the neighborhood Pagans might be involved in “something terrible.” Can be bought from the Church of All Worlds. Give one to your local law enforcement agency.
The Circle Guide to Pagan Groups, by Circle Sanctuary. Lists Wiccan and other Neopagan groups, primarily in the U.S. and Canada.
The Law Enforcement Guide To Wicca, by Kerr Cuhulain. A manual written by a Canadian Neopagan police officer for his colleagues. This is the other title to give to your local Police.
Pagans and the Law: Understand Your Rights, by Dana Eilers. An indespensible tool for Pagans concerned about their civil liberties in the USA.
Encyclopedia of Witches and Witchcraft, 2nd edition, by Rosemary Ellen Guiley. The latest revision to a solid work of general education (except that she seems a little too trusting of the tales some folks tell her about their origins). My biography at my website is based on her earlier entry on me.
Being a Pagan: Druids, Wiccans and Witches Today, Ellen Evert Hopman and Lawrence Bond. This book of interviews is an excellent introduction to current thinking in the Neopagan community. Of course, I may be biased because Druids in general (and myself in particular) are interviewed first — a real change from the usual emphasis on Wicca. Wiccans are, however, inevitably the primary focus. Previously published as People of the Earth: The New Pagans Speak Out.

Historical Overviews

History - Remembered, Recovered, Invented, Bernard Lewis. A brief introduction to the ways in which people filter history through their personal and cultural needs, fears, and wishes, even when they're trying to be unbiased. Out of print, but well worth hunting for.

The Witch in History: Early Modern and Twentieth-Century Representations, by Diane Purkiss. A feminist historian who doesn't allow her justified anger over historical atro-cities against women to lead her into playing fast and loose with the facts, as she discusses all the different ways in which the image of the witch has been viewed in recent centuries.
 A History of Witchcraft: Sorcerers, Heretics, and Pagans, by Jeffrey B. Russell. An excellent overview, biased a bit by the author’s career focus on dualist heresies and the history of the Christian Devil.

An important series:
The following titles are all good, solid academic scholarship. They are too expensive for most people to own, but you may be able to find them in a college or university library near you, or borrow them through an inter-library loan program:

Witchcraft and Magic in Europe: Biblical and Pagan Societies, by Frederick H. Cryer, Marie-Louise Thomsen, Bengt Ankarloo, Stuart Clark.
Witchcraft and Magic in Europe: Ancient Greece and Rome, by Bengt Ankarloo, Stuart Clark.
Witchcraft and Magic in Europe: The Middle Ages, by Karen Jolly, Catharina Raudvere, Ed-ward Peters, Bengt Ankarloo, Stuart Clark.
Witchcraft and Magic in Europe: The Period of the Witch Trials, by Bengt Ankarloo, Stuart Clark, William Monter.
Witchcraft and Magic in Europe: The Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries, by Bengt Ankarloo, Stuart Clark.
Witchcraft and Magic in Europe: The Twentieth Century, by Bengt Ankarloo, Stuart Clark.

You will notice that there are very few books here from the Feminist Craft (other than Starhawk's and Patricia Monaghan's) or various supposed Hereditary Traditions of Witchcraft. That's because most of them have been of very poor quality over the years, as far as scholarship, logic, evidence of claims, or magical technique are concerned. However, some other good books have no doubt been overlooked, including some by friends and colleagues, so I will add them in future editions (and to this page) if people will politely bring them to my attention.

Copyright © 1971, 2006 c.e., Isaac Bonewits. Unlike his other sharetext postings, this text file may NOT be freely distributed on the Net, since it is part of a published work—Bonewits's Essential Guide toWitchcraft and Wicca. Click here to buy it from If you would like to be on one or more of Isaac Bonewits’ emailing lists, click here to get subscription information.

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